Under the auspices of the regional trade bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya played key roles in mediating the revived peace agreement. In September, IGAD asked the UN Security Council to include troops from Sudan, Uganda, Djibouti and Somalia in the Regional Protection Force it mandated in the summer of 2016 and which has only been partially used. The AU Commission has the power to create the hybrid court without the participation of the South Sudanese government, in line with the terms of the 2015 peace agreement and the revived agreement, but it still needs to make progress in the face of the south Sudanese authorities` lack of progress. “We will be very optimistic if a new agreement creeps into real changes on the ground,” she said. Buchanan said: “When we hear South Sudanese civilians say that they feel safe from attacks and rapes, free from growing hunger – fuelled by persistent conflicts – and that they can once again continue their livelihoods and education without fear.” On the sidelines of the peace talks in Khartoum, the two countries agreed on a plan to double southern oil production, but did not give details on how to achieve it. The agreement reached in Khartoum, the Sudanese capital, aims to end a war that has left tens of thousands dead. Previous peace agreements have failed. “One of the things we really have to bow to is the risk of an agreement that becomes an elite pact that doesn`t address the structural issues that arise on the road to this conflict,” Adeba said, adding that civil society organizations should be involved in the debate. This agreement certainly offers a promising end to the conflict of the young nation.
Since the regional agreement was reached, President Kiir has also signed a declaration of amnesty for troops, army generals and SPLM leaders in opposition. After its launch in December 2017, the HLRF was able to enable several negotiations over 15 months between President Salva Kiir Mayardits Sudan People`s Liberation Movement and the Army in Government (SPLM/A-IG), Riek Macharny Dhurgon`s Sudan People`s Liberation Movement and Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) and other opposition political parties, which eventually culminated in the R-ARCSS. The R-ARCSS was preceded by five important agreements between the parties to the conflict and the actors of the conflict in South Sudan: the expectation of lasting peace and prosperity began to disappear by the end of 2018, when a peace agreement was restored. The hope is that peace will prevail. But after so many failed attempts to end hostilities, there is some skepticism. Can this recent ceasefire last? Today, Endley says, the atmosphere around the current peace agreement seems totally different to him. In 2016, he says, “there was tension in the air” when Machar landed in Juba. ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – South Sudan`s President Salva Kiir on Wednesday signed a peace deal with rebel groups in the Ethiopian capital to end a civil war that, since independence seven years ago, has killed at least 50,000 people, displaced two million and delayed the country`s progress.