The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty intended to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war. What the Simla Agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty intended to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. troop withdrawals and prisoner-of-war exchanges). This was a great blue pressure for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Under the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to engage in conflicts and confrontations that have affected past relations and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would respect in managing relations between them. These emphasize respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and swear hostile propaganda. However, the principles of the agreement should be highlighted in particular: the agreement we signed last night marks a breakthrough in our relations. I return home with the firm conviction that we can enter a new era of peace.
Recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the interest of both parties at the highest national level and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end. (iii) that reconciliation, good-neighbourliness and lasting peace between them are a commitment of the two countries to peaceful coexistence, to respect each other`s territorial integrity and sovereignty and not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. That the fundamental issues and causes of conflict that have inshed the relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means.  In February 1999, the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif, signed the Lahore Declaration. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. . .